Archive for the ‘Today in History’ Category

Happy Presidents Day!

FUN FACTS!

1. Originally, Presidents’ Day was known as Washington’s Birthday and honored our first commander in chief. However, after the Uniform Monday Holiday Act of 1971, which helped create more three-day weekends for American workers, the holiday became popularly known as Presidents’ Day and has been celebrated on the third Monday of February each year ever since.

2.One of the most notable Presidents’ Day traditions is the Senate’s annual reading of President George Washington’s 1796 Farewell Address. The practice started on Washington’s birthday in 1862 to boost morale during the Civil War.

3. Cherries are very popular when making desserts for celebrating George Washington’s birthday. The reason for the popularity of cherries relates directly to a story about George Washington. When asked if he’d cut down a cherry tree, George Washington said he could not tell a lie.

4. There were four presidents born in February including George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, William Harrison and Ronald Reagan. Most celebrate Presidents’ Day in honor of the first two.

5. Many Presidents had unusual careers before entering the White House. Jimmy Carter, the 39th President, was a peanut farmer. Ronald Reagan, the 40th President, was a movie actor. And Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President, once worked chopping rails for fences.

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Today we commemorate  Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. During the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii by the Imperial Japanese Navy, over 2,400 American serviceman and 68 civilians were killed and over a thousand more were injured. A lost large proportion of battle ships and nearly 200 aircraft that were stationed in the Pacific region were also lost.

The Japanese military had hoped that the attack on Pearl Harbor would prevent the United States of America from increasing her influence in the Pacific. However, the events in Pearl Harbor actually led to the escalation of World War II. The day after the attack, the United States declared war on Japan and so entered World War II. President Franklin Roosevelt in a speech to Congress stated that the bombing of Pearl Harbor was “a date which will live in infamy”. Shortly afterwards, Germany also declared war on the United States. In the months that followed the attack, the slogan “Remember Pearl Harbor” swept the United States and radio stations repeatedly played a song of the same name.

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